Dev Notes

Various Cheat Sheets and Resources by David Egan/Carawebs.

Quick Build WordPress & Roots

BASH, Roots, WordPress
David Egan

This BASH script was written to automate the deployment of WordPress & Roots on a local development server (Ubuntu 14.04). It could easily be adapted for use in a public-facing server.

Clone the project on GitHub - pull requests welcome.

Save the script as /usr/local/bin/roots-spin and make executable:

sudo chmod +x /usr/local/bin/roots-spin

# This script:
# - Creates a new directory for a WordPress site in /var/www.
# - Creates a new WordPress test site, with a fresh database.
# - Downloads, renames and activates the Roots theme.
# - Sets up a new GitHub repo for the new theme (GitHub personal token needs to be in place)
# - Downloads & activates the "Soil" plugin.
# - Installs node & bower dependencies by running npm install.
# - Requires WP-CLI:
# - Ubuntu: save this script as /usr/local/bin/roots-spin
# - Make it executable, then you can invoke it by typing "roots-spin" in the terminal.
# NOTE: depending on your node setup, you may need to amend the setup_node () function in this script (see inline comments).
# ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Set up directory, download wp core

echo -e "Please enter the name of the new wp directory:"
read  wp_dir
cd /var/www
sudo mkdir $wp_dir
sudo chown -R $USER /var/www/$wp_dir
cd /var/www/$wp_dir
wp core download
echo "The new directory has been created at /var/www/$wp_dir"
echo "It is owned by \"$USER\""
echo "WordPress core has been downloaded"

# ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Build new database

echo -e "This script will create a local database with a new user. Username & password based on DB name, but this is OK because we're working LOCALLY."
echo -e "Enter the name of the new database:"
read  db_name

# Set up variables
# Username is just the "salted" db name. For publicly accessible databases, make this more secure.
# Password is just the "salted" db name. Adjust this for better passwords - require user input.

echo -e "Enter the MySQL root password:"
read  rootpassword

db="create database $db_name;GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON $db_name.* TO $newuser@localhost IDENTIFIED BY '$newpassword';FLUSH PRIVILEGES;"
mysql -u root -p$rootpassword -e "$db"

if [ $? != "0" ]; then  # Note: "0" is the return from successful completion of the previous operation in BASH.
 echo "[Error]: Database creation failed"
 exit 1

# ---------------------------
# Set up wp-config.php. These are WP-CLI commands.
# ---------------------------

wp core config --dbname=$db_name --dbuser=$newuser --dbpass=$newpassword --dbhost=localhost

# ---------------------------
# Install WordPress. WP-CLI.
# ---------------------------

echo -e "Enter a strong password - your database may be exported to a publicly accessible server, so please set a strong password."
read strong_password

echo -e "Enter a username. NOT 'ADMIN'!"
read username

wp core install --url=http://localhost/$wp_dir --title="Basic Test Site" --admin_user=$username --admin_password=$strong_password

 echo "------------------------------------------"
 echo " WordPress has been installed successfully: http://localhost/$wp_dir "
 echo "------------------------------------------"
 echo " DB Info: "
 echo ""
 echo " DB Name: $dbname"
 echo " DB User: $newuser"
 echo " DB Pass: $newpassword"
 echo "------------------------------------------"
 echo " WordPress User details:"
 echo ""
 echo " WP username: $username"
 echo " WP password: $strong_password"

# ---------------------------------
# Set Up Roots Theme

setup_theme () {
cd /var/www/$wp_dir/wp-content/themes
git clone
echo -e "Choose a name for the new theme:"
read themename
cp -r /var/www/$wp_dir/wp-content/themes/roots /var/www/$wp_dir/wp-content/themes/$themename

# Change first line of style.css to avoid confusion
themeline="Theme Name: "

awk -v stylename="$themeline" '{ if (NR == 1) print stylename; else print $0}' /var/www/$wp_dir/wp-content/themes/$themename/style.css > /var/www/$wp_dir/wp-content/themes/$themename/stylemod.css
sudo cp /var/www/$wp_dir/wp-content/themes/$themename/stylemod.css /var/www/$wp_dir/wp-content/themes/$themename/style.css
rm -rf /var/www/$wp_dir/wp-content/themes/$themename/stylemod.css

echo -e "-------------------------------------------------------------------------"
echo -e "The first line of style.css has been amended"
echo -e "to reflect your theme name - don\'t forget to amend the rest of this file."
echo -e "NB: this script has appended a line to wp-config.php to set up the Roots development environment."
echo -e "-------------------------------------------------------------------------"

# Backup original config file
cp /var/www/$wp_dir/wp-config.php /var/www/$wp_dir/wp-config.bak.php

newline="/* Define the Roots Environment */\ndefine('WP_ENV', 'development');\n"
awk -v insert="$newline" 'NR==3{print insert}1' /var/www/$wp_dir/wp-config.php > /var/www/$wp_dir/wp-config-temp.php

cp /var/www/$wp_dir/wp-config-temp.php /var/www/$wp_dir/wp-config.php


install_soil () {
cd /var/www/$wp_dir/wp-content/plugins
git clone
wp plugin activate soil

setup_node () {
cd /var/www/$wp_dir/wp-content/themes/$themename

# Note: npm runs without sudo if node has been installed on your system by the nvm method:
# (recommended!)
# Otherwise, the npm install command should run as sudo, followed by bower install.
# For this case comment out line 133 & enable lines 134 & 135)
# Or move to the theme directory after installation is complete and run sudo npm install followed by bower install
npm install
# sudo npm install
# bower install

run_grunt () {
cd /var/www/$wp_dir/wp-content/themes/$themename
grunt build

activate_theme () {
cd /var/www/$wp_dir/wp-content/themes/$themename
wp theme activate $themename

setup_repo () {
cd /var/www/$wp_dir/wp-content/themes/$themename

# remove existing git repo
sudo rm -rf /var/www/$wp_dir/wp-content/themes/$themename/.git
git init


  dir_name=`basename $(pwd)`

  if [ "$repo_name" = "" ]; then
    echo "  Repo name (hit enter to use '$dir_name')?"
    read repo_name

  if [ "$repo_name" = "" ]; then

  username=`git config github.user`
  if [ "$username" = "" ]; then
    echo "  Could not find username, run 'git config --global github.user <username>'"

  token=`git config github.token`
  if [ "$token" = "" ]; then
    echo "  Could not find token, run 'git config --global github.token <token>'"

  if [ "$invalid_credentials" -eq "1" ]; then
    return 1

  echo -n "  Creating Github repository '$repo_name' ..."
  curl -u "$username:$token" -d '{"name":"'$repo_name'"}' > /dev/null 2>&1
  echo " done."

  echo -n "  Pushing local code to remote ..."
  git remote add origin$username/$repo_name.git > /dev/null 2>&1
  git push -u origin master > /dev/null 2>&1
  git add -A
  git commit -m "First Commit"
  git push origin master
  echo " done."


	read -p "Do you want to set up the Roots 7 Starter theme? [y/N]" yn
	case $yn in
	[Yy]* ) setup_theme;;
	[Nn]* ) exit ;;
	* ) echo "Please answer yes or no.";;

	read -p "Set up a new GitHub repo for $themename? [y/N]" yn
	case $yn in
	[Yy]* ) setup_repo;;
	[Nn]* ) ;;
	* ) echo "Please answer yes or no.";;

	read -p "Do you want to install and activate the Roots \"Soil\" plugin? [y/N]" yn
	case $yn in
	[Yy]* ) install_soil;;
	[Nn]* ) exit ;;
	* ) echo "Please answer yes or no.";;

	read -p "Do you want to go to the $themename theme and install node dependencies? [y/N]" yn
	case $yn in
	[Yy]* ) setup_node;;
	[Nn]* ) exit ;;
	* ) echo "Please answer yes or no.";;

	read -p "Do you want to activate the $themename theme? [y/N]" yn
	case $yn in
	[Yy]* ) activate_theme;;
	[Nn]* ) exit ;;
	* ) echo "Please answer yes or no.";;

	read -p "Move to the theme directory and run the grunt build task? [y/N]" yn
	case $yn in
	[Yy]* ) run_grunt;;
	[Nn]* ) exit ;;
	* ) echo "Please answer yes or no.";;

sitelocation="Access your new site: http://localhost/"
echo -e "------------------------------------------------"
echo -e "Finished!"
echo $sitelocation
echo -e "------------------------------------------------"

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