Dev Notes

Various Cheat Sheets and Resources by David Egan/Carawebs.

Arrow Functions in ECMAScript 6


ES6, JavaScript
David Egan

ES6 introduces a new syntax for writing JavaScript functions: arrow functions. Arrow function expressions have more concise syntax than a function expression.

Arrow functions also allow you to access this from a surrounding method.

Arrow functions can have either a “concise body” or a “block body” form:

var func = x => x * x;                  // concise syntax, implied "return"
var func = (x, y) => { return x + y; }; // with block body, explicit "return" needed

Example from MDN Article on Arrow Functions by Mozilla Contributors, licensed under CC-BY-SA 2.5.

These are equivalent:

// ES5
function calc(one, two) {
    return one + two
}

// ES5
var calc2 = function(one, two) {
    return one + two
}

// ES6 Arrow syntax
var arrowCalc = (one, two) => {
    return one + two
}

// ES6 Short syntax Arrow - note no 'return' keyword, braces
var shortArrow = (one, two) => one + two

These are also equivalent:

var words = [
  'cat',
  'dog',
  'elephant',
  'crow'
];

var wordsLength1 = words.map(function(word) {
  return word.length;
});

var wordsLength2 = words.map((word) => {
  return word.length;
});

// If a single parameter is being passed in as an identifier, you can omit parentheses
// If an expression follows the arrow it will be returned - no return keyword necessary/allowed
var wordsLength3 = words.map(word => word.length);

Example adapted from MDN Article on Arrow Functions by Mozilla Contributors, licensed under CC-BY-SA 2.5.

Implicit Return

Implicit return only happens for single statement arrow functions. If an arrow function is declared with {}, even if it’s a single statement, implicit return does not occur.

Returning Object Literals

Wrap the object literal in parentheses - code inside {} is parsed as a sequence of statements.

Function that returns an object:

var myObject = () => ({
    firstName: "John",
    lastName: 'McLane'
});

Line Breaks

Line breaks between parameters and the arrow are not allowed.

References


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